Auvergne

French regional jewellery - Auvergne

BIJOUX REGIONAUX ANCIENS - BIJOU REGIONAL

 

The regional jewellery from Auvergne is based on enamelled crosses and Holy Spirit pendants of varying shapes, depending on the exact area of production and use.  The crosses always had three drop-shaped pendants hanging from the arms and the base which represented the tears of Christ who was said to have wept three times.  These tears are sometimes missing from the crosses and it is likely that they were removed by their owners either to keep up with fashion or to balance out the design when one of them was lost. 

The Holy Spirit pendants are very stylised and in some cases, such as those from Briode or Clermont Ferrand, they look more like crosses and it is possible that they indeed evolved from crosses.  These crosses are set with garnets and sometimes with citrines which are backed with foil.  The foil is generally embellished with a red spot in the centre, and this gives the citrine a colour which changes according to the angle from which it is viewed.




 

Holy Spirit cross from Clermont Ferrand

 


Holy Spirit pendant or cross from
Clermont Ferrand, gold and garnets


Auvergne cross/pendant in gold and garnets

 


Holy Spirit pendant or cross from
Clermont Ferrand, gold and garnets

        

 

Holy Spirit cross from Briode

 

 

 
Holy Spririt from Brioude,
gold and garnets, front
 
Holy Spririt from Brioude,
gold and garnets, back view
   
Holy Spririt from Brioude,
gold and garnets, front
 
Holy Spririt from Brioude,
gold and garnets, back view

 

 

 
Holy Spirit pendant from Brioude, with its rose of Velay suspension, both in gold set with garnets
also called "croix de Brioude"

 

 

 

 
Holy Spirit pendant from Brioude in gold set with garnets
also called "croix de Brioude"

 

 

 

Léon Giron (1839-1914), "La dentellière d'Espaly", Musée Crozatier, Le Puy en Velay


Léon Giron (1839-1914), "La dentellière d'Espaly", Musée Crozatier, Le Puy en Velay
necklace with Holy Spirit pendant, earrings, rings and a chatelaine on the chair

 

 

 

Cross from Le-Puy-en-Velay

 


Velay cross, gold

Velay cross, gold

Velay cross, gold

               


 


Enamelled gold cross from Le Puy en Velay, front
 
Enamelled gold cross from Le Puy en Velay, back

 


enamelled cross from Le Puy en Velay with its chain

 


cross from Le Puy en Velay
gold, enamel and glass (front)

cross from Le Puy en Velay
gold, enamel and glass (back)
 
cross from Le Puy en Velay
gold and enamel (front)

cross from Le Puy en Velay
gold and enamel (front)


 


 


cross from Le Puy en Velay gold, enamel and glass (front)
 
cross from Le Puy en Velay gold, enamel and glass (back)

cross from Le Puy en Velay gold, enamel and glass

 

 


gold cross from Puy en Velay with four enamelled plates, probably offered to mark the birth of each child
(the tear-drop pendants on the cross are missing and were perhaps removed when they became old fashioned or to balance out the design when one was lost
)

 

 


cross from Le Puy en Velay, gold and enamel, obverse


cross from Le Puy en Velay, gold and enamel, reverse

cross from Le Puy en Velay, gold and enamel

 

 


cross from Le Puy en Velay,
bronze and enamel, obverse

cross from Le Puy en Velay,
bronze and enamel, reverse
 
cross from Le Puy en Velay,
bronze and enamel, obverse

cross from Le Puy en Velay,
bronze and enamel, reverse

 

 

 


Thomas Degeorge 1786 - 1854 - Paysanne assise, 1852
with the kind permission of the museum of art Roger-Quilliot [MARQ], town of Clermont-Ferrand

 

 

 

Holy Spirit pendant from Le-Puy-en-Velay

 

 

Holy Spirit pendant from Le Puy
en Velay, very thin gold
enamel and garnet

 

Holy Spirit from Le Puy en Velay,
gold, blue enamel and garnet.
 The three drop-shaped pendants
represent the tears of Christ


Holy Spirit pendant from Le Puy
en Velay, very thin gold
enamel and garnet


 


 

 


 Holy Spirit necklace from Le Puy en Velay, gold, enamel and garnet
note the two different plaques - quite possibly purchased separately after the births of children


 

 

 

Rose pendant from Le-Puy-en-Velay

 


  rose of Velay pendant,
gold and glass


  rose of Velay pendant
gold and garnet (modern)

 
Pendentif rose du Velay,
or et verre, recto

Pendentif rose du Velay,
or et verre, verso

 

 

 


  rose of Velay pendant in gold and glass with silk cord

 

 

'Slave' necklace

 

The "esclavage" or slave necklaces from Auvergne tend to have rectangular plaques, often with openwork and decorated with filigree, quite different from those of Normandy where oval plaques tend to predominate.


esclavage (slave) necklace from Auvergne region, gold

 


esclavage (slave) necklace from Auvergne region, gold

 

 


esclavage (slave) necklace, gold

 

 

 

Holy Spirit pendant from Aurillac


 


Holy Spirit of Aurillac
pendant,  silver and enamel

 

   


Aurillac Holy Spirit pendant,
gold, enamel and glass

Holy Spirit from Aurillac,
gold, enamel and glass
 
Aurillac Holy Spirit pendant,
gold, enamel and strass

Aurillac Holy Spirit pendant, 
gold, enamel and glass

 

In and around the town of Aurillac, the Holy Spirit pendants are still worn by many women and they are sold in most jewellery shops.  They are usually set with citrines on a coloured foil base which changes the colour of the citrine depending on the angle at which it is viewed.  The gold is very thin on the old Holy Spirit pendants and the enamel is thus generally found to be damaged.  It is said that extra sliders or plaques for the crosses and pendants were offered to women to mark the birth of each child.

 

 

 

Other crosses from Auvergne

 

 


Cross from Auvergne, silver and glass

 

 

 
Auvergne cross in gold and glass, front
 
Auvergne cross in gold and glass, back
 

 

 


 Auvergne cross, gold and Rhinestones

   
Auvergne cross gold and enamel


Auvergne cross, gold and glass

 

 

Coiffe pins from Auvergne

 


a pair of coiffe pins in gold

 

 

 


a pair of coiffe pins in gold

 

 

Jubilee rings

 


Our Lady of Le-Puy-en-Velay

 

 

Le Puy en Velay has been an important pilgrimage site for over a thousand years, to worship Mary.  A jubilee year is proclaimed when Good Friday falls on the same day as Ascension.  This happens roughly every eleven years however there can be a gap of over a hundred years.  The last jubilee was held in 2005, the next one occurs in April 2016 and the following in 2157!  The jubilee, also known as a Grand Pardon, offers the opportunity for the absolution of sins too serious to be absolved in a normal confession.  There is consequently a large influx of tourists during the jubilee and in the past many of them bought a jubilee ring as a souvenir of their visit.

 

 


jubilee ring


jubilee ring
 
jubilee ring

jubilee ring, silver

 

 

 


jubilee ring


jubilee ring
 
jubilee ring

jubilee ring

 

 

 


jubilee ring in silver


jubilee ring in silver
 
jubilee ring in silver

jubilee ring in silver

 

 

 

 

Necklace catches from Auvergne        

 

   


the necklace catches from Auvergne are quite distinctive, with a flattened barrel form

   

 


 necklace catches from Auvergne

 

 

 

 


French folk costumes from the Auvergne region as seen by Racinet in "Le Costume Historique, 1888"

click on the photos to see them in high resolution!

 

 

 


lacemaker from Le Puy en Velay with Velay rose pendant on chain

 

 


lacemaker from Le Puy en Velay Velay with rose pendant on chain and scissors son a silver clip

 

 


French folk dress from Auvergne

 


  French folk dress from Royat

 


French folk dress from Thiers, Auvergne with Holy Spirit pendant on ribbon

 

 


French folk-dress from Latour, Auvergne

 

 


antique and elaborate hair-wear from Le Puy en Velay, Auvergne

 


folk-dress from le Mont Doré, Auvergne