Alsace - Lorraine

 

French regional jewellery - Alsace

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hair pins


large Alsatian hair pins, silver gilt and Rhinestones

 

The large hair pins from Alsace are up to 28 centimetres long in gold plated silver and are decorated with a design in relief of filigree and Rhinestones.

 

 

 

The Alsace cross

 

 
gold cross from Alsace, front
 


gold cross from Alsace, back

 

 

 

The cross of Alsace is a small and heavy Latin cross with a thick fixed suspension ring. The ends are molded and decorated with fleur-de-lys designs. The arms are decorated on the Christ side by a rosette in relief, on the side with Mary, by three rosettes.

 

 


gold cross from Alsace, front


gold cross from Alsace, back

 

 

Rings

 

Three rings from the Messe region, two in gold-filled and one in silver
These rings were previoulsy in the historic collection of Maximin Deloche

 

 

 


Peasant ring from Strasbourg in silver and glass

 

 

The Jeannette cross from Alsace


croix Jeannette en or émaillée

 

The Jeannette cross of Alsace has the particularity of having an enameled central cartouche, otherwise it is identical to the Jeannette crosses of other regions.

 

 

 

 

Non-traditional regional jewellery from Alsace - Lorraine

 


Alsatian pendant in gold with plique-à-jour
enamel and motif of stork and thistles


Alsatian brooch in mother-of-pearl

 

 

 

 


Brooch with stork motif, gold


antique gold brooch with stork motif


Alsatian brooch in gold, enamel and porcelain

 

 

 



Gold stork pendant

 


Gold and enamel stork pendant

 

 

 

 

pendant in silver celebrating the restitution of the Alsace territory to France after World War I, circa 1918

 

 

 

 

PATRIOTIC ART FOR THE ANNEXATION

OF ALSACE-LORRAINE 1870-1918

 

The 1870 conflict between Napoleon III's France and Prussia resulted in a defeat of the French armies, badly led by an unqualified command. In 1871, after the signing of the Treaty of Frankfurt and the drawing of the new frontiers to the East; Alsace, the Moselle and parts of Lorraine were annexed to the Reichsland.

The whole of France would mourn the Lost Provinces. National unity would be built around an exacerbated and bellicose patriotism that would draw strength in the hope of "Revenge". In 1874, Léon Gambetta, addressing the subject of the frontier, recommended: "Let us always think about it, never speak about it!"

From 1871, symbolic jewels would be created to allow everyone to express his patriotism and their support for "Alsace-Lorraine", an anachronistic concept designed for the purpose of national unification.  The first would be made by Parisian jewelers including Alexandre Piel and Marc Gueyton. They would be mainly marketed in 1871 and 1872. In Nancy, propelled to the rank of capital of the East of France, the artists of the School of Nancy would also express their patriotism through their works. Among them were jewelers who would use the Lorraine specific allegorical symbols: the thistle, the eaglet and the cross of Lorraine. They would design a jewellery model with codes and standards well defined and identifiable at a glance. These adornments were to quickly become a real fashion phenomenon.


The cross of Lorraine would soon attain the rank of an emblematic symbol, recognised by all, of resistance, nationalism and revenge. These achievements were to be so successful that many Parisian jewelers, some of whom had emigrated from Alsace, would seize the occasion. Progress in the metal stamping process soon allowed for mass production, at low cost and the designs would gradually invade the fashion sector and everyday objects.

From 1871 to 1918, according to the passions, historical events, religious, nationalistic or patriotic manifestations and the trauma of the Great War, these jewels so characteristic were to discreetly accompany the destiny of the French. Worn for half a century, they would become the silent but oh so visible witnesses of this "eternal" thought towards the lost provinces.

These moving objects, sometimes naive, but also works of art in their own right, are an integral part of the Little Story that builds the Great!


BRUNO FERRY

Author of the book -  L’art patriotique face à l’annexion - Alsace-Lorraine - 1871-1918. Editions du quotidien, Strasbourg, 2015.

Most of the following photos are taken from this book which retraces, in 400 pages of jewels, charms and various objects, the history of this virtually unknown patriotic fashion.

 

 


patriotic brooch in gold with Lorraine cross and thistle motif

 

 


Broche en argent patriotique "Alsace-Lorraine".  Noeud en crêpe noir, cocarde et croix de Lorraine émaillées

 


Croix en bronze argenté crée pour les fêtes du couronnement de Notre Dame de Sion (Meurthe et Moselle) le 10 septembre 1873.

 


Bijou patriotique avec les trois symboles lorrains réunis sur une même broche : l’alérion, le chardon et  la croix de Lorraine. Métal argenté.


 

 

 

 


 Croix de Lorraine blasonnée
en argent ciselé. 


Broche florale en argent à volutes finement ciselées.
 


Croix de Lorraine en argent ciselé
aux extrémités fleurdelisées.

 

 

 


Broche patriotique en argent d’inspiration Art Nouveau. 

 


Pendant de cou en argent
de style Art Nouveau.


Broche en argent et vermeil

 

 

 

 


Pendentif Art Nouveau


 


Broche patriotique au chardon lorrain en métal estampé argenté.

 

 

 

 


French folk dress and coiffe from Alsace, antique photo

 

 


French folk dress and coiffe from Alsace, antique glass plate photo


French folk dress and coiffe from Alsace, antique glass plate photo

 

 

 

Alsatian regional costumes

Alsatian regional costumes, postcard with German stamp.......

 

 

 

Contact me with your suggestions, corrections, photos, questions and comments!

 

 

contents:
 

croix d'Alsace - broche alsacienne - croix de Lorraine - bijoux des régions de France - les bijoux des Français - les  bijoux de France - bijoux régionaux - bijou régional - croix écotée - pendentif Saint Esprit - Saint Esprit d'Aurillac - rose de Velay - collier d'esclavage - croix de Puy en Velay  - croix d'Auvergne - bijoux d'Auvergne - bijoux auvergnat - collier Saint Esprit de Puy en Velay - croix de Velay - bijoux d'Auvergne et du Velay - costume regional - bijoux régionaux - coiffe  - coiffe auvergnat - bijoux des régions de France - bijoux régionaux - les bijoux traditionnels Français - croix régionales - Léon Giron - Antoine Raspal - Thomas Desgeorge - Estella Canziani - esclavage auvergnat - antieke zeeuwse streeksieraden in zeeland friesland- Streeksieraden in Zeeland

 

French regional jewellery - Alsace